When a child's gender is in question at birth, because the genitals may not appear clearly male or female, the child is said to have atypical genitalia, also known as ambiguous genitalia. Atypical genitalia can be a difficult experience for families. Early in fetal development, the tissue that will become the gonads ovaries or testes is undifferentiated and has the potential to become either ovaries or testes, depending on the genetics of the fetus. Humans have 46 chromosomes in each cell of their bodies, or 23 pairs. The 23rd pair determines our gender; females have two X chromosomes, while males have one X and one Y chromosome. The description of human chromosomes is written: 46, XX, typical female or 46, XY, typical male. There is a gene located on the short arm top half of the Y chromosome, called "SRY," which, if present, will cause the undifferentiated gonad to become testes indicating a male around the 6th week of fetal life. At the same time, regression of what would have been the female reproductive tract occurs. As the testes produce testosterone, the phallus penis , scrotum, and urethra form.
What causes atypical genitalia?
Why does DSD happen?
WHEN Cody was born intersex, her parents and doctors made a decision. She still wonders if it was the right one. A decade ago, when a baby was born with both male and female physical characteristics, doctors and parents faced a difficult choice. Now, things are changing. Cody was born with a naturally occurring intersex variation.
For example, the great majority of tunicates , pulmonate snails, opisthobranch snails , earthworms , and slugs are hermaphrodites. Hermaphroditism is also found in some fish species and to a lesser degree in other vertebrates. Most plants are also hermaphrodites. Historically, the term hermaphrodite has also been used to describe ambiguous genitalia and gonadal mosaicism in individuals of gonochoristic species, especially human beings. The word intersex has come into usage for humans, since the word hermaphrodite is considered to be misleading and stigmatizing,   as well as "scientifically specious and clinically problematic. A rough estimate of the number of hermaphroditic animal species is 65,
When a child's gender is not clear at birth, the child has atypical genitalia ambiguous genitalia. This means that the genitals don't seem to be clearly male or female. You have 46 chromosomes in each cell of your body. These are grouped into 23 pairs. The 23rd pair determines your gender. Females have two X chromosomes, and males have one X and one Y chromosome. The gender of a developing baby is determined at conception, when the embryo has either two XX chromosomes, or an X and a Y chromosome.